Dictionary of Terms - X, Y and Z

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X

Y

Yield Capitalization: Method used to estimate value from annual net operating income by applying a capitalization rate derived by analyzing each of the rate's component parts to provide both return on and return of the investment.
Yield Spread: A form of compensation some brokers receive from a lender for originating and processing a loan. The yield spread is based on the interest rate of the loan and can usually vary anywhere from zero to 6%.
Yield: Income produced by an investment. Usually used to refer to equity investments.
Zero Lot Line: A term generally used to describe the positioning of a structure on a lot so that one side rests directly upon the lot's boundary line (no setback).

Z

Zoning Ordinance: Regulation of the character and use of property by a municipality or other government entity through the exercise of its police power.
Zoning Variance: An exemption from a zoning ordinance or regulation permitting a structure or use that would not otherwise be allowed.
Zoning: Municipal or county regulation of land use within designated districts or zones. Zoning is an application of a state's police power to regulate private activity by enacting laws that benefit the public health, safety and general welfare. Zoning may affect use of the land, lot sizes, type of structure permitted, building heights, setbacks and density.





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